History of Castle Bourdaisière



The mean age
If the silhouette of the castle Bourdaisière especially recalls the Renaissance must not forget that the birth of Bourdaisière is much earlier in the sixteenth century.
Dice the middle of the fourteenth century the Deputy Governor of Touraine, Marshal John I said the Meingre Boucicault had built on the very site of the present castle a fortress to defend the outskirts of Tours against the onslaught of English.
This medieval fortress remain ditches, these dry north and east of the castle moat, a corner tower and a staircase down into the moat snails southeast terrace.
This fortress was transmitted by inheritance for generations until the first sale May 4, 1482, sales of which document is kept in the departmental archives. Bourdaisière was purchased by the Mayor of Tours of Louis La Meziere.
From that moment Bourdaisière would experience multiple owners at the mercy of sales, exchanges and estates.
Two families nonetheless marked the history of the Castle.
The wedding at the Château de Marie Gaudin, heiress Bourdaisière and Philibert BA-BOU descendant of a long line of notaries Bourges, marks the beginning of a first period of prosperity.
Marie Gaudin was deemed to be "the most beautiful woman of her time", it will be also the first mistress of King Francis I.. This will definitely help the career of her husband, in effect Philibert Babou King received multiple charges and honors which enabled him to establish his fortune and realize, to 1518-1522, the reconstruction of
Old medieval fortress
a country house, com-posed of a gatehouse high roof opening onto a drawbridge across a moat, extended to the north of
wing connecting to the dungeon of the Middle Ages.
From this new castle, Bourdaisière host repeatedly Kings Francis I and his successors during their visits in Touraine.
The death of Marie Gaudin, widow of Philibert BABOU
fourteen years earlier Bourdaisière returned to their eldest son John II which will, among other things, Grand Master of the Artillery of the Kingdom (e Minister of Defence), and given the troubled times this time of religious wars he thought better to fortify the castle by building, in 1567-1568, the south-east tower of the walls of a mu-caponier denies guns and clearing the moat.
It is November 1569 by his death he left the field Bourdaisière his eldest son Geor-ges BABOU I, Count of Sagonne. He built about 1595 the current farm Castle-like "country manor" and the pantry pierced the side of co-called castle cave chapel today. These tra-worth just completed Georges BABOU welcomed 27 May 1598, Henri IV and Gabrielle d'Estrées return Britain where had been signed the Edict of Nantes.
The classical period
In the first half of the 17th century the new owner of Bourdaisière: Marquis Nicolas Gouffier of Crévecoeur built on the site of the medieval farmyard two imposing buildings at right angles forming the stables, and in 1650 a sumptuous wing bordering moat which, unfortunately nothing remains but is shown on an engraving as a great home confined by two square pavilions.


 This magnificent building led its owner to ruin and pushed for sale Bourdaisière in 1674.
From there, Bourdaisière know several owners and will during the passage of the Princess de La Tour d'Auvergne the appointment of all touran-gelle socialites.

In November 1768 the Duke of Luynes, who had inherited the Castle exchanged with the Duke de Choiseul, who brought him the barony of Cinq Mars la Pile.

The field was living his last hours, when the Duc de Choiseul was exiled to his Château de Chanteloup he ordered the destruction of the castle of the Marquis heartbreaking had built one hundred and twenty years before leaving the dungeon of the Middle Ages and my-black of BABOU.

The Revolution
Bourdaisière owned by the Duchess of Orleans Adelaide Bourbon Penthièvre wife "Philippe Egalite" was kidnapped on behalf of the Republic and sold as a "national asset" in November 1794.
Purchased by Armand Dubernad, Breton wine merchant who undertook his arrival the construction of a new castle, overlooking the southern mansion BABOU solid style, cubic, only decorated by a central portico in the "antique".

The modern era
In 1802 the heirs sold the Castle Dubernad Joseph ANGELIER that led to Bourdaisière extensive restoration campaign.
And he "dressed" the Management of Neo-Renaissance castle façade.
Baron Angelier filled the moat, drawbridge demolishes three dungeon and subsistence were medieval.
He turned what was then a May-gardener of his chapel neo-Gothic Tudor and planted the garden today.
His son Gustave Angelier redecorated inside the castle and built including the library. He shouldered the terrace of a brick wall Henri IV style.
The third Baron Angelier, heir to his father in 1890, completed all by raising a tower in north-west corner of the castle and by arranging the lavish stables stalls.
    The castle was then sold in 1923 to a wealthy American Mrs. Mérinville that beautifies the interior and exterior, and was visited by the Duke of Windsor in 1937.
Purchased by an Englishman in 1938 it will be occupied by the Germans and the liberation in a military school. Returned to its owners but abandoned stables and park will be registered as a historical monument in March 1947.
In 1959 after the auction of all furniture auction the castle was sold to the City of Montlouis who set a retirement home.
The castle no longer meets the standards for safety and comfort it was sold in 1988 to Mr. François Michaud and September 2, 1991 he was finally ac-quired by the Princes of Broglie.